First Quarter Finance. Short Answer: The cost to repair or replace a bumper depends on your car and on the type of damage the bumper sustained. For more about the cost associated with repairing or replacing a bumper, see below. Having a solid bumper is crucial for the safety of your car, so it is important to repair even small dents and scratches.
The cost to repair a bumper will depend on the type and severity of the damage, as well as the make and model of your car. Small dents are some of the easiest bumper-related problems to solve. First, you should check that the dent is relatively small in diameter and has not affected any of the paint.
Minor scratches on a bumper affect only the clear coat, which is the topmost layer of paint that adds shine and protects the color coat from environmental damage. You can check the depth of the scratch with your fingernail; if your nail does not catch when you run it over the scratch, you are dealing with a minor, superficial, scratch on the clear coat.
If the scratches affect only the paint or the plastic, you can decide whether you need to repair the bumper cover or simply touch up the paint. Keep in mind that automotive paint can be expensive and difficult to match perfectly.
Often, in order to get even paint coverage, you will have to totally remove the paint and respray the entire bumper. If there are any cracks or serious damage to the bumper, you will need to repair it or replace it before repainting.
A bumper replacement may be more appropriate for major problems. If the damage to your front or rear bumper is severe, you might want to consider replacing it altogether. Since one of the functions of a bumper is to protect the body of your vehicle and, therefore, you from impact in a collision, replacing a severely damaged bumper is a good safety practice, and can be worth the cost.
One way you can verify the extent of the damage is to remove the plastic bumper cover and inspect the metal structural bumper that lies beneath. You should always have your car inspected by a professional if you suspect serious damage to the car, as this can have major safety repercussions. Rust and corrosion are major red flags that signal the need for bumper replacement.
Another sign that indicates a bumper may need replacing is crushed or damaged foam underneath the plastic cosmetic bumper facade. This foam helps to absorb the impact during a crash and is critical for the safety of your vehicle.
Whether your bumper has sustained minor dents or scratches or it has serious cracks, repairing it is crucial to the safety of your vehicle. For a dent like the one pictured, reference the Major Bumper Dents section of the article. Drill prices vary significantly depending on the quality of the drill.
And remember, if your dent is large, you might need more of any of these things, making the overall price higher. Table of Contents. Answers by State Read More. Walmart Brake Services? Brake Pad Replacement Cost? We Investigate… Read More. Does Valvoline Do State Inspections? Availability, Costs Explained Read More.Last Updated: July 2, References. This article was co-authored by Chad Zani.
Chad Zani is the Director of Franchising at Detail Garage, an automotive detailing company with locations around the U. Chad is based in the Los Angeles, California area and uses his passion for auto detailing to teach others how to do so as he grows his company nationwide. There are 18 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
This article has been viewed 63, times. Painting your car's plastic bumper cover is an easy way to give your car a facelift. Start by removing the bumper cover and washing it thoroughly.
If you have any shallow scratches or cracks, fill and sand the damaged area. Wipe the bumper cover down, then apply several coats of base coat, drying and sanding the paint between each layer.
Add 2 layers of clear coat for extra shine and durability, then let the clear coat dry for 6 hours before driving or reattaching the bumper.
To paint a bumper, start by removing the plastic bumper cover and washing it thoroughly with degreaser and water. Then, wet sand any rough spots with grit sandpaper. Wipe the bumper clean and dry it with a soft cloth, then spray on a base coat layer. After the base coat dries for 30 minutes, wet sand any new imperfections with grit sandpaper.
Wipe the bumper smooth. Repeat the process of painting, drying, then sanding more times. Make sure to wipe the bumper with a clean tack cloth after sanding each new layer. Once the paint has full, even coverage, apply 1 layer of clear coat to seal in the base coat. After drying for 20 minutes, apply a 2nd layer of clear coat and let dry for another 20 minutes.
Before reattaching your bumper, wait at least 6 hours for the paint to harden fully. The more time the paint dries the more durable it will be, so waiting 24 hours is best. Did this summary help you? Yes No. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Log in Facebook.
Method 1 of Remove the plastic bumper cover or mask it off with painter's tape.Fixing damaged plastic bumpers involves grinding, sanding, sculpting and painting. But it's worth the effort for repairs that would cost less than your deductible.
There oughta be a law: If there's a post in a parking lot—any post—it should be high enough to see when you're backing up. Unfortunately, the law we usually see applied is Murphy's, and the resulting body-damage repairs will cost just a few dollars less than your insurance deductible.
And that's precisely the scenario we were faced with after trying to maneuver our trusty Honda Civic out of a tight space in a crowded mall parking lot. A lot of people would first try to do what you shouldn't: Head to the local auto parts store for some el cheapo body filler and a can of matching spray paint.
The technology of auto body parts has changed—and you'll need a completely different array of supplies to repair painted plastic parts than you would use to repair sheetmetal. Fortunately, there are a number of companies making repair and refinishing materials for plastic bumpers, as well as plastic fenders and door skins made from sheet molding compound. Scuff, clean and prep area with plastic prep solvent to remove dirt and oil, and promote adhesion.
Bumper Mechanics. Today, the actual "bumper" part of a front or rear bumper is invisible. The part of the car's structure that's used for saving the vehicle's body from damage is well hidden behind a fairly large semirigid piece of painted plastic.
This plastic covering is designed to deflect and deform easily when bumped. The theory goes that you can run into it lightly and the plastic will pop back into its original shape. However, really wallop it, especially with a hard or sharp object, and the plastic will abrade, cut or tear.
Various carmakers use different methods of attaching these plastic bumper covers. Because they are held in place with screws and tabs that fit into slots in the body sheetmetal, you may have to do some hunting around for all the fastening points of a typical fascia.
On our damaged Civic, for example, there were screws behind metal caps near the trunk latch, as well as screws under the taillights and at the wheel wells. Once they were removed, we were able to slide the bumper's tabs off a number of slots in the rear quarter panels. Look for screws or bolts under the trunk carpeting between the wheel and the rear bumper. You may also find fasteners hidden beneath or behind the bumper fascia.
Grind a "V" into the back of panel to remove loose material and give more surface area for adhesion. Fascia Facelift. You'll need a warm, dry place to work because the repair adhesives and fillers cure within a fairly narrow range of temperatures. If you have the fascia off the car, you can work indoors—but not in the basement because these chemicals can give off some pretty noxious fumes. Read the labels carefully.Here at Walmart. Your email address will never be sold or distributed to a third party for any reason.
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Your question required. Additional details.Car bumpers are a vehicle's first line of defense from the bump and grind of the outside world. Car bumpers need to be able to absorb shock and offer an aerodynamic surface for cutting through atmospheric air at high speed. The car bumper has been made from all types of material.
For many decades, bumpers were made of chrome plated steel, which offers a decent amount of protection but is easily dented and quite heavy and expensive. Since the advent of plastics, car bumpers have been made almost exclusively from reinforced thermoplastic olefins. Thermoplastic is easy to form and gives way on impact, acting as a cushion to dissipate energy. The outer shell of the modern car bumper is made of any of a number of thermoplastics. The thermoplastic shell usually covers a denser, almost honeycomb-like composite of dense plastic which is mounted on a metal frame, which is mounted to the chassis of the vehicle.
The dense plastic honeycomb is crushed during an impact, absorbing a great deal of energy to protect the rest of the vehicle and the passengers. A thermoplastic is a plastic which can be heated multiple times and retains its plasticity, or ability to be molded while hot. Thermoplastic has many of the properties of a plastic bottle, which can be thrown across a room and remain undamaged.
Thermoplastic olefins are a type used in the automotive industry because of their energy absorbing qualities, ease of manufacture and low cost. Most bumpers today are made of thermoplastic. This article was written by the It Still Works team, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more about It Still Works, contact us.
Thermoplastic Olefin A thermoplastic is a plastic which can be heated multiple times and retains its plasticity, or ability to be molded while hot.
About the Author This article was written by the It Still Works team, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. Photo Credits red car image by Istvan Ferge from Fotolia.The bumpers are found at the very front and very rear of your car or truck.
They are engineered to absorb minor impacts and designed to give your vehicle its own particular look. Bumpers absorb impact in collisions below five miles per hour—parking lot speeds essentially. The bumpers also, of course, give your vehicle its distinctive look, by adorning the front and rear of the body. Bumpers have changed a lot over automotive history. Older bumpers were chrome plated metal pieces mounted to the front of the frame with brackets.
In the early s, federal regulations mandated changes in bumper design. Urethane bumpers started to become more common.HOW TO MAKE STOCK BUMPERS LOOK COOL
These plastic bumpers or fascias are usually reinforced with metal supports and a section of Styrofoam known as an impact absorber. Most cars and light trucks today use urethane bumpers, although many trucks do continue to have metal bumpers.
If you bump into things, then you may do some damage to your front or rear bumpers. Bumpers can get scratched, dinged up, or even dented by sticks, stones, and other road debris. Metal bumpers can also corrode and rust. Buckling or large dents in the bumper are a good sign that you should replace your bumper. For minor scratches and dings, you may choose to ignore them or to repair them. Often though, replacing an entire bumper cover can be easier than fixing a damaged one.
Even a novice do-it-yourselfer can replace a front or rear bumper. An assistant can be a big help on this repair, though. Your bumpers are probably the easiest parts to access on your entire vehicle, but not necessarily the easiest to remove.
These may be screws, bolts, or plastic clips. There may be fasteners inside the wheel wells or, in the case of rear bumper covers, inside the trunk. Alternatively, you could support the bumper cover with a floor jack and let it down slowly.
Disconnect any wiring running to lights in the bumper parking lights or fog lights, for example. Mount them into the replacement bumper cover and install the replacement bumper cover by reversing the removal procedure. Removing a metal bumper or the bumper structure behind a plastic bumper cover is pretty similar. Remove the fasteners from the bumper braces, have your assistant help you pull it off or use a floor jack, and install the new one.The amount of impact absorbed by the bumper will determine whether the bumper is repairable or not.
Some bumpers will cave-in while others will crack. Luckily, those two types of bumper bruises are repairable in almost all cases, unless the damage is extreme.
If the bumper is subject to lots of cracks or if it is missing a lot of its material, it may be better to replace the bumper itself. Often, you will have to consult with a local auto body shop to determine the degree of damage, and most body shops will provide a free repair estimate. But before allowing the body shop to actually repair your vehicle for you, there are a few easy ways to fix a damaged bumper yourself using a few items that you may already have around the house.
Step 1: Raise the vehicle and support it securely with jack stands. To secure the jack stands, make sure the jack stands are on a solid surface and use a jack to lower the pinch weld or inner frame of the vehicle to rest on the jack stand. You can find more information on securing the jack stands here.
Step 2: Remove the splash guard. If applicable, remove the splash guard underneath the vehicle or fender well guard to access the rear affected area of the bumper. The splash guard will be held on by plastic clips or metal bolts.
Step 3: Warm up the damage area. Use a heat gun or hair dryer to evenly warm up the damaged area. Use the heat gun until the bumper becomes pliable. It should only take about five minutes to warm the bumper to a temperature where it becomes flexible.
Step 4: Push out the bumper. While heating or after you finish heating the bumper, use the pry bar to push the bumper from the inside out. You should notice the caved-in portion begin to push out as you apply pressure with the crowbar. If the bumper is still not very flexible, warm the affected area until it becomes pliable. Tip : It may be helpful to have a friend heat the bumper while you use the pry bar.
How to Repair a Car Bumper
Tip : Push the bumper out evenly. Push out the deepest areas first.
If one portion of the bumper is progressing to its normal shape well and the other is not, adjust the pry bar to apply more pressure to the portion that is more recessed. Tip : When fiberglass bumpers crack, they will leave fiberglass hairs visible along the edges of the cracked area. Take a look inside the cracked area of your bumper.
If you see long white hairs, it indicates that your bumper is made from fiberglass.